Thanjavur is a holy city of Chola rulers and it become popular during the Chola period between 11th and 14th centuries. Thanjavur is also known as Tanjore. According to an ancient legend, Thanjavur receives its name from Tanjan, an asura ruler who was killed by Lord Vishnu and Sri Anandavalli Amman for devastating the neighborhood and was granted his last request that the city be named after him.
The Cholas kings were involved in making this city a hub for learning and culture. The city is famous for its antiques pieces as well as exquisite handicrafts worldwide. Thanjavur is also renowned as the Rice Bowl of South India as it believes as the main cultivation crop here.
Thanjavur is also popular for its handloom silk sarees, cotton sarees Tanjore paintings which creates a great demand across the world.
Fishing is a major occupation of local people over here that is considered as the main source of income. On the other hand, it a home of Carnatic music and musical instruments made from jack-wood.
Brahadeshwara Temple, Chandra Bagawan Temple, Sangeetha Mahal are major three attractions of the place.
It has a rich heritage history background and holds a very important position in the moulding of ancient as well modern south Indian civilization. This city had a strong hold of the Chola dynasty and at the right time, it has been declared the capital of the Cholas, Mutharayars and the Marathas.
This town was known as ‘Tanjapuri’ in the ancient times and the name was discovered by Mutharayar king, from whom the Chola rulers, later, conquered the city. In the period of influence of Rajaraja Chola, the town was separated in two parts – Ullalai, which means the inner part and Purambadi, the other city.
After the downfall of the Cholas, Pandayas took control of Thanjavur and it affirmed a province of the Vijaynagar Empire. During the year 1535, the Vijaynagar king hired a Nayak king which ruled till the middle of 17th century. In the year 1674, Marathas took over the control of Thanjavur then Shivaji’s half brother Venkoji ruled in the city. The British finally gained success in controlling in 1799 and handed over the management to Raja Serfoji II. The death of the king in 1833 signed the end of ruling in Thanjavur.
Travel within city
This city has number of option in which you can opt for the best one as per your convenience such as buses, auto rickshaws, tourist cabs and cycle rickshaws.
It is quite an easy way to reach around the city and it also available at very low rates that would make your ride comfortable.
Buses are the best way to reach at this city on time within your budget. In order to commute to all corners of the city, these are cheaper than others.