Periyar national park
Perched on the Western Ghats along the border with Tamil Nadu, Periyar is a protected area of nature reserve situated in the South Indian State of Kerala. It covers an area of 925 km², out of which a junk of 350 km² was known as center zone was separated for the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. It lies in the districts of Idukki, approximately 100 km east of Kottayam, 110 km west of Madurai and 120 km southeast from Kochi.
The Periyar national park is shielded in the core of a mountainous area of the Cardamom Hills. Covered the north and the east by mountain ridges with an attitude of 1,700 m (5,600 ft) and the west is expanded with a 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) high plateau. There is a picturesque lake measuring 26 km2 (10 sq mi) surrounded this wildlife reserve which was established from Mullaperiyar Dam in 1895. It is the main source of water supply in and around the park area. This national reserve is very popular for elephant. Besides it, it is famous for 62 different kinds of mammal as well as many vulnerable ones. Periyar is a highly protected tiger reserve which kept an estimated 53 tigers in the reserve. Other species like gaur, Bison, sambar (horse deer), barking deer, mouse deer, Dholes (Indian wild dogs), mongoose, foxes and leopards are also to be explored in this place.
This place is also dotted with 320 different kinds birds includes darters, cormorants, kingfishers, the great Malabar hornbill and racket-tailed Drongos. Besides the birds, there are 45 different kinds of reptile found in the protected area. This area also housed with 38 different fish types and 30 snake, two turtle, and 13 lizard species.