Nalanda is an ancient centre which is situated around 55 miles south east of Patna in the state of Bihar known for higher learning. Nalanda is one the oldest and great universities in the world that was established in the 5th century. The destination is quite popular where tourists visit mostly for seeing its Buddhist sites and monuments.
Dating back to the time of Lord Buddha and Mahavir, the place was named after the terms ‘Nalam’ meaning ‘Lotus’ and ‘da’ that means ‘to give’. Nalanda is also recognized as the birth place of a devotee of Lord Buddha, named Sariputra. Lord Buddha is supposed to have number of visitors come this place several times during his lifetime.
There are numerous popular sites in Nalanda that catches the minds of many historians, pilgrims and architects from across the world. Positioned head quarter of knowledge and learning, Nalanda is known for ancient culture and tradition in India.
Nalanda has the great Nalanda University which is spread over an area of 14 hectares. There are various structures like stupas, monasteries, temples, chaityas, etc situated in this university. Moreover, the place is surrounded by monuments and heritages like Stupa of Sariputta, Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, Surya Temple, Nalanda museum and Nav Nalanda Vihar. One of the beautiful The Stupa of Sariputta is built in the shape of a pyramid that depicts some historical signs related to stupas.
The Surya Temple is a major attraction of this Nalanda site having several statue of Goddess Parvati, which is about five feet tall as well as some other statues of Lord Buddha and Hindu deities.
Travelling around this region is quite easy through air. It has a nearest that is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash airport located in Patna. It is located at a distance of 100 kilometres from the city inter-connecting to all the important cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata.