Madurai is a holy town of India which is situated in southern part of India. People from corner to corner of religions and cultures are staying in the place and all most popular festivals are celebrated here with full of harmony and unity.
The city is positioned on the bank of river Vaigai and has been the kingdom of Pandya kings in the ancient century. The city is constructed in the form of a lotus and is known as lotus city too. The place is spotted with beautiful temple constructed by the Pandyan kings and Lord Shiva is worshiped here. It was considered that divine nectar was washed at that place and due to it the Jasmine flowers fragrance in the place all around. Jasmine flower too has its foundation in the city.
It has number of small temples in and around the place so that it is aptly known as the temple city of India. Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple is the brilliant master piece of the area which is surrounded by concentric circles all around known as the cosmos city.
It has a great cultural heritage and strong mythological history that become the inspiration for the next coming generations. The place is addressed about more than 2500 years old and the powerful commercial hub was developed in the duration of 550 AD.
The ancient history of Madurai goes back to the 3rd century BC when Megasthenese mentioned first documentation. That time, Madurai was then known as ‘Methora’. The city also mentioned in the Kautilya’s Arthshasta and in the Sangam Literature, wherein Madurai was announced to be under the rule of Pandyan Dynasty.
After the Sangam period, almost all of Tamil Nadu came under the reigns of Kalabhra rulers, which continued till the mid of 6th century C.E. The great Indian epics, Mahabharata, Ramayana also address mentions in the city.
During the year 1323, Madurai came into the existence of Tughlaks and the Delhi Sultanate. The, the Madurai Sultanate then grabbed the city till the achievement by the Vijayanagar Empire. After the failure of next rulers of Madurai, the Nayaks, the city continually changed hands between the Chanda Sahib, Arcot Nawab and Muhammed Yusuf Khan.
Since then Madurai remained under the British till the independence in 1947.
Travel within city
Travelling in Madurai is easy, as many buses, auto rickshaws, cabs and cars are available for easy commute. It is the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu spotting very important destination commercially.
In order to travel around the city, you can opt for the government run local buses. The local buses ply from one destination to another within the city. There are four major bus stands such as Periyar Bus Stand, Arapalayam Bus Stand, Shopping Complex Bus Stand and Matthuthavani
You can opt for auto rickshaw that will be charged around Rs 10 per kilometer and night fares are Rs 15 per kilometer from you.