State: Jammu & Kashmir
Location: Eastern part of Ladakh,
Area: 600 sq. kms.
Best time to visit: May To October
Altitude: 3,500 to 6,930 m above sea level.
The name of the park Hemis is taken from the famous monastery Hemis Gompa, spread out over 600 sq. Km and is located in the Ladakh division of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir at a distance of around 40 Kms southeast of Leh. The beauty of the Hemis National Park multiplies when it gives an overview of Indus River and the catchments areas of Markha, Sumdah, and Rumbak streams.
The park is known as the “Snow Leopard Capital of India” situated at an altitudinal range of 3,300 to 6,000 m, and hosts a remarkable variety of wildlife. Finally, the park came into existence in 1981 as one of the national parks of India. It is also bounded by the historical river of Indus that make the area one of the prime attractions for domestic and international tourists where they have full opportunity to navigate the natural beauty with mountains of various shapes and sizes, mixed with vast flatlands, deserts etc.
The land of Hemis National Park is rare for its dry forests of juniper, birch, fir, alpine grasslands and scrublands. The park is full of many endangered animals, which are normally found in the cold region along with an interesting assemblage of cold desert flora. Some of the famous attractions of the Hemis Park are snow leopard, Tibetan wild or kiang, ibex, serow, Tibetan antelope, Palla's cat, srapu, bharal, red fox, rhesus macaque, Hanuman languor, wolf, marmot, Tibetan argali and Ladakh urial etc. The famous flora of the Park comprised of sparse grasslands, herbaceous vegetation, Junipers, Myricaria, Poplar, Salix, Birch, Astragalus, Taraxacum, Leortopodium, Ephedra and many sparse grasslands.
The climate of the region differs from location to location from sub-arctic to arctic. During the winter season, the temperature goes down below the freezing point with low rainfall and bulk of snow. Summers are short and mild, while there is no marked rainy season.