Area : 79,714 sq.km.
Population : 218.44 Lakhs
Capital : Ranchi
Districts : 18
The word Jharkhand is known as Vananchal which is derived from the two Hindi words “Vana” which means “forests” and “anchal” means “area”. Thus, the word Vananchal combinedly means the land of forests. The state of Jharkhand was carved out from the state of Bihar in 2000 and became 28th state of Indian Union which shares its borders with Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. The newly formed state of Jharkhand offers diverse tourist destinations to the tourists visiting to explore the itineraries of the northern India.
Tourist attractions of Jharkhand
The state of Jharkhand is enticing the tourists with its abundant forests, low rolling hills, ample scenic beauty and diversity, minerals and industries, wildlife sanctuaries, backwaters, hills, waterfalls, lakes, charming climate, greenery, rivers, exotic cultures etc. some of the famous places of Jharkhand are as follows:
Tourist Attractions in Ranchi – the capital city of Jharkhand The tourist destination of Ranchi is one of the examples of nature’s bounty to this land of Mother India. Some of the tourist attractions of Ranchi are Dassam Falls located in the Taimara village with charming scenes 40 km. away from Ranchi; Hundru Falls is an exciting picnic spot is about 28 km. away from Ranchi; Jonha Falls is about 40 km. away from Ranchi; Hirni Falls is about 70 km. from Ranchi; Ranchi Hill also offers panoramic views that includes Tagore Hill, Ranchi Lake, Shiva Temple; Gonda Hill, Kanke Dam and Rock Garden are about 4 km. away from Ranchi; Tagore Hill is about 3 km. away from Ranchi, Jagannathpur Temple and Hill is about 10 km. away from Ranchi and Sun Temple which is about 39 km. away from Ranchi.
Famous Tourist Cities of Jharkhand
Tour to Jharkhand also takes to the tourists to the various cities of Jharkhand which are world fame. Some of famous cities of Jharkhand are Netarhat popularly known as the “Queen of Chhotanagpur” which is located 154 km away from Ranchi; Hazaribagh is famous for the National Park with an abundance of wild animals; Baidyanath Dham and Panchet (Deoghar) are important pilgrimage centre of India; Maithon is famous for Dam which has the biggest reservoir in the Damodar Valley Corporation; Topchanchi is famous for artificially created lake and Parasnath which is famous for the highest hill in Jharkhand.
Wildlife Tourism of Jharkhand
Jharkhand tourism is also famous all over the world for its wildlife tourism that include Dalma wildlife sanctuary, Betla National Park, Jaivik Udyan or Zoological Park, Hazaribagh National Park, Palamau tiger reserve and Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary. However the Nagi Dam Sanctuary near Jhajha is the smallest sanctuary in the state and also a place to spot migratory birds.
Industrial Tourism of Jharkhand
Besides the many other tourisms of Jharkhand, the sate of Jharkhand is also popular all over the world for industrial tourism because Jharkhand has a number of Industrial Complexes with plenty of mines and minerals along with industrial cities like Jamshedpur which is the Industrial Capital of the state, Bokaro which is well known for its Iron and Steel and Dhanbad is famous for mines.