The Chaukhandi Stupa is an important Buddhist stupa in Sarnath which is built in a style of Islamic origin. Built in the 5th century, it is located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Basically, this stupa serves as a shrine for an artifact of the Buddha. Embellished beautifully out of bricks, Chaukhandi Stupa is splendid earthen mound shape. According to believers, the original structure was constructed by the great king Ashoka.
Initially, it was planned to be built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period in-between the 4th to 6th Century. The main purpose to construct it is to put a mark on this site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples went by this way from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. After many years, this stupa was reconstructed by Govardhan, the son of a Raja with innovative changes or modifications. Today the stupa is shaped as an octagonal tower and designed in high earthen mound surrounded with a brickwork structure. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. For millions of people, this Stupa got vast significance in Buddhist culture and tradition.
The left side of this stupa, one will witness scenic beauty of the area- attractive gardening, innovative renovations of grasses and some prevention in plantations. It is believed that it is the original site where the Buddha met five abstinent who earlier left him after his clarification finally gave the First Sermon, “The Four Noble Truths”.