The ruins of Nalanda
Founded in the 5th Century A.D., the Nalanda is the first Residential International Universities of the World. The ruins of Nalanda cover 14 hectares of land which is in fact only a portion of the huge area. It has 10000 students, 2000 teachers and various other trained staff. Apart from it, many Buddhist structures like stupas, chaityas, temples and monasteries are established inside this university. It was crowned as jewel of the development of Buddhism teaching and learning in India.
During the 5th and 12th century, the University was flourished with stupas, monasteries, hostels, stair cases, meditation halls, lecture halls and many other structures. With the several ancient Buddhist establishments, stupas, chaityas, temples and monastery sites in this university, it has become the most popular centres of worship and culture of Buddhist. Inside it, there are vast libraries having a large number of books, magazines of the Buddhist legends from which one can gain knowledge.
Dating back to the Gupta age, the study was based on the practice and study of the Mahayana. After then, the study and propagation of the tantric teachings has been increasing from 750 AD.