known as Thekkady) is one of the most prestigious regions on the high ranges
of the western ghats. Situated within the confines of the Western Ghats in the
southern Indian state of Kerala, Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is one
of the most captivating wildlife parks in the world. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
is situated on the banks of the Periyar lake - an artificial lake, at Thekkady.
The Periyar reserve is noted for its geomorphology, diverse wildlife and beautiful
landscape. This sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978, under the project
tiger scheme, attracts travellers from all over the world. This is the only sanctuary
in India where the wild elephant can be observed and photographed at close quarters.
There are two watch towers in the Periyar forest. This place is ideal for watching
the animals in their natural habitat.
777 square kilometres, the mixed forest of deciduous, semi-evergreen and evergreen
flora is set around a 55 square kilometres reservoir that is the epicentre for
wildlife viewing by boats, are the ideal way to get around and game-view for sightings
of the sanctuary.
Attraction: The wildlife here includes tiger,
sloth bear, wild dog, elephant, sambar, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, otter,
porcupine, civet, common and Nilgiri langurs, lion-tailed and bonnet macaque,
giant and flying squirrel, great and grey hornbill, darters, cormorants, mynahs,
oriels, racket-tailed and other drongoes, bulbuls, kingfishers and birds of prey.
Turtles, snakes and lizards of various species can be seen basking near the lake.
Besides boat rides, nature treks are offered by the forest department, and there
are longer tiger trails trekking tours with staying facilities inside the sanctuary.
is situated in the south Indian state of Kerala in the higher altitudes of the
Western Ghats. Many tourists visit Kerala for its natural and wildlife bounty.
National Park was established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, an endangered specie
of the wild goat and the only one to be found south of the Himalayas. Rich in
forest and grasses, this park is relatively new as it was in 1978 that the area
was notified as a park. The park lies along the high ranges of the western coast
in the Munnar Forest Division of Idukki district in Kerala. It
covers an area of 97 sq kms of rolling grasslands and high level sholas (evergreen
forests). The park is breathtakingly beautiful and is easily comparable
to the best mountain ranges found anywhere in the world.
attractions : Tigers, panthers,
wild dogs, civet cats, jungle cats, sloth bears, leopard, elephant, lion-tailed
macaque, Nilgiri langurs wild boar and giant squirrel.
60 km from Munnar, with its unique
thorny scrub forests and xerophyte species. Lying in Devicolam Taluk of Idukki
district, chinnar was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1984. It is located
in the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats. With an area of 90.422 sq kms,
Chinnar is a unique thorny scrub forest. Chinnar is one of the last shelters for
the endangered giant grizzled squirrels, which are said to be less than 200, world
over. Lying in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats, Chinnar gets much less
rain than Kerala's other wildlife sanctuaries. The extensive sandalwood forest
nearby is an added attraction to the place and is an ideal place to watch herds
of gaurs passing through the area.
Main attractions: Elephants,
gaurs, panthers, spotted deer, sambars, gizzled gaint squirrels, Hanuman langurs,
peacocks, star tortoises and Travancore evening browns.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 77 sq km in the Thodupuzha
and Udumpanchola taluks of the district, sanctuary was formed in 1976. Situated at an altitude
of 450-748 m above sea level, this sanctuary occupies the forest land between
the Cheruthoni river and the Periyar river. There is a scenic lake around the
sanctuary, covered by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous
trees, and offers boat rides. The wildlife here is similar to that of Thekkady.
This sanctuary lies adjacent to the world renowned Idukki Arch Dam.
attraction: animals: Elephants,
gaur, sambar deer, wild dogs, jungle cats, tigers, wild boars etc. Birds: Jungle
fowls, mynas, laughing thrushes, black bulbuls, peafowls, woodpeckers, kingfishers
etc. Snakes: Cobras, vipers, Kraits and a number of non poisonous snakes.