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kerala Ernakulam
The Gateway to Kerala


Ernakulam, the queen of the Arabian SeaErnakulam is regarded as a commercial and industrial capital of Kerala and one of the finest natural harbors in the world surrounded by the districts of Kumarakom and Allapuzha on the South, Thrissur on the North and Idukki on the East. Kochin in Ernakulam is known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea which is considered as one of the finest harbor in the world. As the industrial capital of Kerala along with the finest natural harbor, the district of Ernakulam served as the centre of commerce and trace with the British, Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, and Dutch etc.

 
Basic Facts of Ernakulam
Area
2408 sq km
Population
3,105,798
Best time to Visit
September to May
Languages
Malayalam and Tamil
STD Code
0484
Religion
Hindu, Muslim, Christian and other minorities
Average rainfall (yearly)
3432 mm
Temperature
Between 23 and 32 °C
Clothing
Tropical cottons
 

Location :

Location of Ernakulam The District of Ernakulam is located at latitude, 9 degree 15 E with an altitude of 300 m highland spread in an area of 895 km˛ which can be divided geographically into highland, midland and coastal area. The district of Ernakulam is surrounded by Kottayam districts in the south, Thrissur District in the north, Arabian Sea in the west and Idukki District in the east. However, a complex system of ferries is operated in the western peninsula of Fort Cochin and in the old districts of Mattancherry. The total length and breadth of the district of Ernakulam is about 48 km. from east to west and 38 km. from north to south and 48 km. from east to west.

 

Access :
The district of Ernakulam is well connected by the roadways, railways, airways and waterways. The brief description of its connectivity is as under:

Air : The domestic airport of Ernakulam is situated at Cochin from where regular flights are moving to all the major domestic airports of India like Agatti, Bangalore, Mumbai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Madras and Thiruvananthapuram or Trivandrum. The International Airport of Cochin is under construction from where regular flights are expected to the gulf countries.

Rail : With its major three railway stations of Cochin Harbor Terminus, Ernakulam Junction and Ernakulam Town, the district of Ernakulam is well connected with the extensive network of Indian railways.

By Sea: Ernakulam is famous in the world for its natural port at Kochin which provides regular boat services to link it to places like Kottayam and Alleppey en-route the scenic backwaters of Kerala.
Ferries: Ferry service is available for travel between the island towns.

Road : The district of Ernakulam is well connected by three important National Highways and many state roads pass through or start from Kochi. The well connected road provides the best services to the tourists and visitors to move all the major cities of south India.

 

History :

The word Ernakulam was derived from a Tamil word 'Erayanarkulam' which means ‘Lord Shiva's abode’. Since the ancient time, Ernakulam was well connected with the foreign lands of Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and Portuguese etc because of its geographical location which consists of the man-made Willington Island, Mattanchery, Fort Kochi, world's most populous area of Vypin Island, Bolghatty Palace etc. The district of Ernakulam came into existence on April 1, 1958 consists of many Taluks which come under Fort Kochi and Muvattupuzha revenue subdivision.

 

Climate:

The climate of Ernakulam is tropical because of its nearness to the Arabian Sea with the average maximum temperature of 36°C in summer and minimum 18.0°C during winter. The tourists are suggested to wear light cotton clothes during summer season and waterproofing in the months of May to November during monsoon season.

 

Flora and Fauna:

The districts of Kerala are situated on the tropical region, so the flora and fauna of Ernakulam is in accordance with its geography where abundant vegetation is found because of heavy rainfall combined with moderate temperature and fertile soil. The lower slopes of Ernakulam also help for teak and rubber cultivation among other major crops. With its dense forest in the eastern part of Ernakulam, it provides the spectacular view of natural beauty with wild animals and birds.

 
Prime Attractions:

The “Queen of Arabian Sea” has enchanted the tourists for its business activities and many other attractions like Dutch Palace, Fort Cochin, Jewish Synagogue, Thalassery Fort, Kathakali Centres, Kodanad, Mangalavanam, St. Francis Church, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, the Pareekshit Museum and Willington Island etc. Ernakulam has also become the centre of prime attraction for its fairs and festivals of Attachamayam, Onam, Cochin Carnival, Indira Gandhi Boat Race, Aattachamayam, Jewish Festivals, Kanjiramattom Festival, Cheeyappara Waterfalls and Malayatoor Perunal etc.

 
Pilgrimage Centres :

Attukal Bhagavathy temple (Mudippura), knows as the Sabarimala of women, is in Thiruvananthapuram. Attukal Ponkala, the annual festival commences on Bharani day in Kumbhom (February - March) and continues for nine days. Ponkala is an offering usually made in Bhagavathy temples, prepared in the form of The sightseeing of Arnakulampayasam ( a liquid food in Kerala), ingredients are rice, jaggery, coconut kernel and plantain fruits. The festival begins with thottampattu (a song about Bhagavathy) which is being chanted for nine days continuously.

Chettikulangara Devi Temple One of the renowned Devi temples in Kerala is Chettikulangara temple, Kayamkulamin Alappuzha. Highlights of Bharani festival, celebrated in February-March, are Kuthiyottam and Kettukazhcha. Of these , the former is performed as an offering to Bhagavathy.

Mannarsala Temple, Harippad Mannarasala temple at Harippad is the seat of God of Serpents. Built in a grove, the temple is reputed for having 30,000 images of snake-gods and this is the largest of its kind in the state.

 
Fairs and Festivals :

Onam : Is the National annual festival of Keralaites. Celebrated by the malayalees wherever they are.

Bharani : The annual temple festival at Kodungalloor in Ernakulam Distrct.

Tourism week celebrations at Cochin : Last week of December. Food festival Gajamela (Elephant Pageantry), Martial arts, Kathakali, Mohiniyattam and other dances and Indiragandhi boat race.

 
Places to visit :

Bolgatty : A beautiful island with palace made by Dutch in 1744 and golf course.

Willington Island : Formed from the sand deposited while the depth of Cochin port is increased. Naval base, railway terminus, port and customs offices are located here.

Chinese Fishing Nets : can be seen at Fort Cochin.

Parikshith Museum : Museum with memories of 19th century.

Dutch Palace : Made in 1568 by the Portuguese. Later re-structured by the Dutch.

Hill Palace Museum : at Thrippunithara. Paintings, Epigraphy, furnitures of the royal family etc are displayed.

Kodanadu : Elephant training centre is located here.

Kerala Historical Museum : Located at Edappalli, on the Aluva-Ernakulam road.

 

Excursions :

Athirapally waterfalls (80 kms) , Guruvayoor (108 kms) Excursions of Ernakulam
Sree krishna temple (non hindus are not allowed)
Periyar wildlife sanctuary (192 km)
Munnar (130 kms)
Kumarakom (58 kms)

Beaches :
The Cheria Beach (45 km form Ernakulam city): This lovely beach lordering Bypeen island is ideal for swimming.Dolphins are occasionally seen here. A typical Kerala village with paddy fields and coconut groves nearby is an added attraction.

The Fort Kochi Beach (12 km from Ernakulam city): A leisurely walk through the lanes of the city is the best way to discover historic Fort Kochi.

 
Ernakulam || Kollam || Palakkad || Idukki || Kottayam || Pathanamthitta || Kannur || Kozhikode
Thiruvananthapuram || Kasaragod || Malappuram || || Wayanad ||
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