The Ajanta Caves is the finest world's greatest historical monument recognised by UNESCO that is located near from Jalgaon city of Maharashtra, India. There are 30 caves in Ajanta of which 9, 10, 19, 26 and 29 are chaitya-grihas and the rest are monasteries. It is spotted with 30 rocks cut Bhuddhist caves in fundamental style of design the caves are called ‘Chaitya grihas’ and ‘Viharas’. There are Buddhist five cathedrals caves and the remaining 25 are monasteries.
The Chaityas are designed in rectangular chambers divided by rows of pillars and have big size. They are decorated by statues and murals describing the numerous incarnations of Buddha. Discovered in AD 1819, these caves were built up in the earlier 2nd century BC-AD. Almost all the paintings in Ajanta are right from 2nd century BC-AD and many paintings have designed in the fifth century AD and continued for the next two centuries. All paintings explore strong religious influence explain the life of Buddha, Bodhisattvas, incidents from the life of Buddha and the Jatakas. The paintings are accomplished on a ground of mud-plaster in the modern technique.
The caves are located 104 km from Aurangabad, 100 km north-east of Ellora. These magnificent caves are set in beautiful sylvan surroundings and containing carvings that depict the life of Buddha. Their carvings and sculptures are assumed to be the establishment of classical Indian art.